Dr Thomas Fitzpatrick developed a skin typing system in 1975. This is based on how a person's skin reacts to sunlight and can serve as a guideline to help you establish your risk of skin cancer and your susceptibility to premature ageing.
Keep in mind how we are prompted to select a skin tone before sending an emoji for the first time. Essentially those options represent the 6 Fitzpatrick Skin Phototypes.
|Skin Type||Skin appearance / Characteristics||Skin's Estimated Response to Sunlight|
|I||Very fair/Pale white, blond or red hair, blue or green eyes, freckles||Always burns, never tans. High risk of skin cancer.|
|II||Fair/White, blond or red hair, blue, green, hazel eyes||Usually burns, tans minimally. High skin cancer risk.|
|III||Cream/Medium white, any hair or eye colour, very common skin type||Burns sometimes, tans gradually. Moderate skin cancer risk.|
|IV||Olive skin, dark brown hair||Rarely burns, always tans. Moderate skin cancer risk.|
|V||Brown skin, dark or black hair, brown eyes||Almost never burns, tans easily. Low risk of sun induced skin cancer.|
|VI||Black skin, brown eyes||Almost never burns, always tans. Low risk of sun induced skin cancer.|
Regardless of your skin type, we all need some kind of sun protection when outside. Either to guard against sunburn, premature ageing or pigmentation.