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Skin facts worth knowing. Part 1

Posted by Melinda Fick on

Skin facts worth knowing. Part 1

Get to know your skin a little better with our quick skin facts. 1. Your skin is your body's largest organ. 2. The skin of an average person will cover an area of about 2 m². That is the size of a standard doorway. 3. It makes up about 15% of your body weight. If you weigh 60kg; your skin weighs approximately 9kg. 4. There are 2 types of skin: hairy and glabrous (smooth). 5. Your skin is made up of 3 layers: epidermis, dermis and hypodermis (aka the subcutaneous layer). 6. The epidermis forms the outer layer and is...

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9 Essential Foods to greatly improve your complexion

Posted by Melinda Fick on

9 Essential Foods to greatly improve your complexion

I'm sure you have heard of collagen, but what is it and why is it important for the health and appearance of our skin? Collagen is a protein that is found mostly in our skin, joints, bones and the lining of our gut. Our bodies make collagen out of amino acids, mainly glycine and proline. These we get from the foods we eat. The skin's collagen forms the foundation of the connective tissue that supports its structure. As we age, our bodies produce less collagen and the skin becomes thinner, losing its fullness and eventually this will show as wrinkles...

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Does a hippo really make its own sunscreen?

Posted by Melinda Fick on

Does a hippo really make its own sunscreen?

The hippo's skin secretes a mucous-like substance that is red-orange in colour. Initially, this led people to believe that they sweat blood, but this secretion is neither sweat nor blood. This substance starts out colourless, but within minutes it turns red-orange and will eventually turn brown. It can absorb light and this light absorption capability is maximised in sunlight's ultraviolet range. This then creates a sunscreen effect. If the animal stays out of the water too long, this natural sunscreen will dry and their skin may crack. No wonder then that they'll spend up to 16 hours a day in...

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What kind of a Fitzpatrick are you?

Posted by Melinda Fick on

What kind of a Fitzpatrick are you?

Dr Thomas Fitzpatrick developed a skin typing system in 1975. This is based on how a person's skin reacts to sunlight and can serve as a guideline to help you establish your risk of skin cancer and your susceptibility to premature ageing. Keep in mind how we are prompted to select a skin tone before sending an emoji for the first time. Essentially those options represent the 6 Fitzpatrick Skin Phototypes.  Skin Type Skin appearance / Characteristics Skin's Estimated Response to Sunlight I Very fair/Pale white, blond or red hair, blue or green eyes, freckles Always burns, never tans. High...

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The Sun, Cholesterol and Vitamin D

Posted by Melinda Fick on

The Sun, Cholesterol and Vitamin D

They go together like a horse and carriage. First, we need cholesterol in our bodies. Then we need the sun to convert this cholesterol into Vitamin D. Vitamin D is a hormone that helps to regulate the amount of minerals in our bodies and is therefore important for (among other things) bone and muscle health. It may also help to improve conditions like depression and anxiety. Another reason for it to be called the "sunshine vitamin". 30 minutes of sun exposure for people with fair skins (without sunscreen,) can produce enough vitamin D to support all their body's needs. Darker...

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